Analysis as a solid foundation for decision-making

The Center for European Law and Economics (CELEC) is a private research center conducting advanced and innovative research in economics and econometrics.

CELEC focuses on the law and economics of competition, intellectual property and international trade. We provide analysis and advice to guide decision making by private and public decision makers both at the national and international level.

CELEC performs academic research, commissioned analysis and advisory tasks in advanced projects and processes. We believe in empirical evidence and thorough analysis as a solid foundation for decision-making.

Study of the effects of mergers and acquisitions in the retail market for gasoline in Sweden

drivmedelDr. Mattias Ganslandt and MSc Gunilla Rönnholm at the Center for European Law and Economics have within the frame of the Swedish Competition Authority’s commissioned research, analyzed the effects of mergers and acquisitions in the retail market for gasoline in Sweden. This study describes and analyzes the extent to which mergers and acquisitions in the retail market for gasoline in Sweden have had a noticeable effect on prices and margins for gasoline and diesel. The main objective of the study is to examine how consumer prices have been affected by the increased market concentration, especially after Statoil’s merger with Hydro in 2007 and StatoilHydro’s subsequent acquisition of the JET stations in 2008-2009. Continue reading

The Global Merger Control Index 2014

For the fifth consecutive year, the Center for European Law and Economics has conducted an extensive survey of legal experts to construct the 2013 Global Merger Control Index. The index compares 70 jurisdictions based on the responses of 259 legal experts, specialising in competition and anti-trust.

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Private enforcement of competition law and consumer redress in Sweden

Lars HenrikssonThis month, professor Lars Henriksson (CELEC’s Vice Chairman) presents an overview of competition litigation in Sweden, based on his contribution to the “Comparative Private Enforcement & Consumer Redress in the EU” project. Continue reading

The Swedish Market Court Rules in an Important Margin Squeezing Case Involving TeliaSonera


Lars Henriksson
In April, the Swedish Market Court ruled that telecom operator TeliaSonera engaged in margin squeeze in the broadband market during the period April 2000–January 2003. The judgement upheld a previous judgement by the Stockholm District Court made in December 2011 and was widely expected to. However, the Market Court’s decision substantially reduced the severity of the imposed fines due to the competition authority failing to satisfy the burden of proof. As professor Lars Henriksson (CELEC’s Vice Chairman) explains, this raises a number interesting legal questions and precedents related to the standard of proof in Swedish competition law cases.

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The Global Merger Control Index 2013

For the fourth consecutive year, the Center for European Law and Economics has conducted an extensive survey of legal experts to construct the 2013 Global Merger Control Index. The index compares 65 jurisdictions based on the responses of 192 legal experts, specialising in competition and anti-trust.

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Market Expectations of End-user Electricity Prices in Sweden 2013-2018

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Prohibition of Sales Activities by Public Entities Requires Anti-Competitive Effects

Sten Nyberg7075A new provision in the Swedish Competition Law, prohibiting anti-competitive sales activities by public entities, leaves considerable room for interpretation. A recent ruling by the Stockholm District Court indicates that this new part of the Swedish Competition Law is fundamentally effects-based, and that a sound economic analysis is important for the legal assessment, writes CELEC’s chairman Professor Sten Nyberg in this article. Continue reading

On the Forthcoming Price Regulation of District Heating in Sweden

forsk_rap_2013-1In a recent commissioned report for the Swedish Competition Authority, Professor Jerker Holm at Lund University, argues that introducing price regulation in the District Heating market is risky, difficult and a challenging task. Professor Holm stresses that the ongoing political and legal work related to price regulation of District Heating in Sweden must be based on sound economic principles and regulatory caution. Continue reading

Article 102 Cases in the Energy Sector

Photo: Linda Danhall, NSDIn a recent paper on Article 102 cases, Dr Malte Abel and Mr Peter Willis review pricing abuse cases in the European energy sector between January 2010 and September 2012. The authors conclude that an interesting feature of the national competition authorities (NCAs) investigations has been the focus on narrow geographic and product markets. The authors also conclude that a number of cases highlight ongoing concerns about restrictions of competition resulting from the control of network infrastructure.  Continue reading